Special Report: Iran’s Violations of International Law
Violations at a Glance
This special report identifies 55 clear violations of international law by the Islamic Republic of Iran:
Nuclear Program/Proliferation Violations: 18
8 IAEA Resolutions,
6 UNSC Resolutions,
Crimes Against Humanity: 30
21 UNSC Resolutions,
6 G.A. Resolutions;
Human Rights: 7
7 All Treaties/Agreements;
Each of the below cited conventions, treaties, resolutions, statutes, and agreements was examined individually, assuring reviewers that the sources and information are accurate and were not derived from corrupt or inaccurate online, print or television reports. It should be noted this report does not evidence every violation of the cited conventions, treaties, resolutions, statutes, and agreements between 1948 and 2011, as entire books have been written on the collusion between the Islamic Republic of Iran and its terrorist proxies Hezbollah and Hamas. This report is intended to provide reviewers with a comprehensive framework with which to judge the actions and declarations of the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Since the Iranian Revolution of 1979, the relationship between the United States and Iran has transformed from staunch allies to intractable opponents. Today, Iran’s nuclear ambitions, support of terrorism and blatant violations of human rights constitute some of the most complex and pressing challenges facing the United States. This problem is exacerbated by growing pessimism about whether the international community’s diplomatic efforts can compel Iran to comply with its obligations under international law.
This report draws on diverse branches of substantive international law and shows that Iran is in violation of over 50 international laws. While diplomacy has failed to gain traction, Iran continues to blatantly violate the rights of its citizens, support international terrorism, and advance its nuclear program to the point where it is now well within striking distance of having a nuclear weapon. Clearly, Iran’s violations of international law pose a grave and pressing threat to the United States and the international community as a whole.
As a non-nuclear state party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Iran owes a legal duty to the international community to refrain from manufacturing and acquiring nuclear weapons. These obligations are interpreted by the NPT’s enforcement agency, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), to also require states to provide credible assurance regarding non-diversion of nuclear material and the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities.
Iran’s systematic violations of the NPT are well documented. Despite Iran’s insistence that its nuclear program is exclusively for peaceful purposes, the evidence shows beyond a reasonable doubt that Iran’s nuclear work is not consistent with any other application than the development of a nuclear weapon. Iran continues to conceal its nuclear program and conduct enrichment-related activities, in violation of the NPT, the IAEA Safeguards Agreement, all subsequent IAEA Safeguards Resolutions, and numerous United Nations Security Council Resolutions.
Crimes Against Humanity
Iran’s incitements to commit genocide are not only preludes to tragedy, but are crimes in themselves under international law. Pursuant to the United Nations Charter, the Genocide Convention, and the Rome Statute of the ICC, Iran has a legal duty to refrain from the threat of genocide or force against members of a group or the political integrity of any other state. Iran’s public call for Israel to “wiped off the map” is a state-sanctioned call to genocide that threatens the territorial integrity of Israel and contravenes its obligations under international law.
Iran has also violated numerous United Nations Security Council Resolutions relating to the state-sponsorship of terrorism. At least thirteen Resolutions have reaffirmed the obligation of Member States to deny all forms of support to terrorists and those supporting terrorism. As this report will detail, there is compelling evidence that Iran provides training, financial support, and arms shipments to terrorist organizations in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere. This is in clear violation of the Security Council resolutions and poses a serious threat to international security.
As a party to several human rights treaties and as a Member State of the United Nations, Iran is legally obligated to protect the civil, political and religious rights of its citizens. Since the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran has been involved in large-scale abuses of human rights, including systematic persecution of religious minorities and severe restrictions on the freedoms of expression and assembly. This report will detail the failure of Iran to comply with numerous international covenants to which it is a signatory.
Iran in Iraq
Iran’s Qods Force, a wing of the Revolutionary Guard Corps, provides funding, training, weapons and other lethal support to Iraqi militant groups that target Coalition and Iraqi forces. Despite President Ahmadinejad’s pledge to cut off such support, the United States Department of Defense continues to assert that there has been no identified decrease in Iranian training and funding of illegal militias in Iraq.
Iran’s support of Iraqi militant groups is contrary to six United Nations General Assembly Declarations and thirteen United Nations Security Council Resolutions which prohibit all Member States from using force against the political independence of any other state and impose the duty upon all Member States to refrain from supporting terrorist activities. Iran’s failure to comply with these obligations remains a significant impediment to stabilizing Iraq.